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Amelioration of Colitis in Mouse Model by Exploring Antioxidative Potentials of an Indigenous Probiotic Strain of Lactobacillus fermentum Lf1

  • 2014
  • BioMed Research International 2014
    • Ritu Chauhan
    • A. Vasanthakumari
    • Harsh Panwar
    • R. H. Mallapa
    • R. Duary
    • V. Batish
    • S. Grover

Abstract

Based on the preliminary screening of eight indigenous putative probiotic Lactobacilli, Lactobacillus fermentum Lf1 was selected for assessing its antioxidative efficacy in DSS colitis mouse model based on its ability to enhance the expression of "Nrf2" by 6.43-fold and malondialdehyde (MDA) inhibition by 78.1 ± 0.24% in HT-29 cells under H2O2 stress. The Disease Activity Index and histological scores of Lf1-treated mice were lower than the control group. However, expression of "Nrf2" was not observed in Lf1-treated mice. A significant increase in the expression of antioxidative enzymes such as SOD2 and TrxR-1 was recorded in both of the groups. The expression of SOD2 was significantly downregulated in colitis-induced mice by -100.00-fold relative to control group, and the downregulation was considerably reduced to -37.04-fold in colitis Lf1 treatment group. Almost, a similar trend was recorded in case of "thioredoxin" expression, though "CAT" was refractile to expression. The Lf1-treated group had decreased malondialdehyde level as compared to colitis control (37.92 ± 6.31 versus 91.13 ± 5.76 μM/g). These results point towards Lf1-induced activation of the antioxidant enzyme system in the mouse model and its prospects to be explored as a new strategy for IBD management.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus fermentum LF61Enhanced Antioxidative Enzyme ExpressionBeneficial
Large
Lactobacillus fermentum LF61Reduced Colitis SeverityBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus fermentum LF61Reduced Malondialdehyde LevelsBeneficial
Large

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