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Assimilation of cholesterol by Lactobacillus acidophilus

  • 1985-02
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology 49(2)
    • S. Gilliland
    • C. R. Nelson
    • C. Maxwell

Abstract

Considerable variation was found among strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus isolated from the fecal flora of pigs with regard to the ability to grow well in the presence of bile and to assimilate cholesterol from a laboratory growth medium. The uptake of cholesterol occurred only when the culture(s) was growing in the presence of bile under anaerobic conditions. Consumption of L. acidophilus RP32, which was selected for its ability to grow well in the presence of bile and to assimilate cholesterol from the laboratory medium, significantly inhibited increases in serum cholesterol levels of pigs (P less than 0.05) fed a high-cholesterol diet. Consumption of L. acidophilus P47, which was selected for its ability to grow in the presence of bile and lack of ability to remove cholesterol from the growth medium, failed to have a similar effect. This indicates that certain strains of L. acidophilus act directly on cholesterol in the gastrointestinal tract, and thus may be beneficial in reducing serum cholesterol levels.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus acidophilusReduced Serum CholesterolBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus acidophilus MAK32L61AReduced Serum Total Cholesterol LevelsBeneficial
Moderate

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