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Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common disease of the digestive system and probiotics have been reported to be effective in the treatment of functional gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the beverage containing Lactobacillus paracasei LC-37 (LC-37) and its ability to relieve symptoms of FD by a randomized clinical trial. Due to the mechanistic complexity underlying FD, intestinal microbiota and stool metabolomes were also evaluated. The results showed that FD was relieved in participants after treatment with the beverage containing LC-37 for 14 and 28 d. The clinical symptom scores were significantly decreased after these times (abdominal pain and belching were significantly decreased after 14 d and almost absent after 28 d of treatment). Probiotics, such as those containing the Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, and Weissella, significantly increased, and the abundance of harmful bacteria such as Lachnocliostridium significantly decreased. Furthermore, relevant beneficial intestinal metabolites such as pelargonic acid, benzoic acid, and short-chain fatty acids increased, and harmful intestinal metabolites such as hippuric acid decreased. Taken together, these findings suggested that the beverages containing LC-37 can increase the abundance of probiotics and decrease pathogenic bacteria, and thereby improve beneficial intestinal metabolites. Therefore, the beverages containing LC-37 may provide a natural alternative to combat FD.

Keywords: Lactobacillus paracasei LC-37; functional dyspepsia; intestinal microbiota; stool metabolomes.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Improved Functional Dyspepsia SymptomsBeneficial
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Increased Beneficial Intestinal MetabolitesBeneficial
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Increased Probiotic Bacteria AbundanceBeneficial
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Reduced Abundance of Harmful BacteriaBeneficial
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Reduced Harmful Intestinal MetabolitesBeneficial

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