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Bifidobacterium animalis protects intestine from damage induced by zinc deficiency in rats.

  • 1999-12
  • The Journal of Nutrition 129(12)
    • E. Mengheri
    • F. Nobili
    • F. Vignolini
    • M. Pesenti
    • G. Brandi
    • B. Biavati

Abstract

We investigated the potential beneficial effects of Bifidobacterium animalis on intestinal damage using zinc-deficient (ZD) rats as a model for intestinal alterations. The ZD rats were fed diets containing 1 mg Zn/kg for 20 (ZD(20)) or 40 (ZD(40)) d to induce damage that differed in severity. Subgroups of these rats, the ZD(20) + B and ZD(40) + B groups, received a suspension of B. animalis (3.5 x 10(8) colony forming units) daily for the last 10 d. Another subgroup, the ZD(40) + B + 7 d group, was fed the ZD diet for 7 d after the B. animalis treatment period. Zinc deficiency induced ulcerations, edema, inflammatory cell infiltration and dilatation of blood vessels in duodenum, jejunum and ileum, with increasing severity between 20 and 40 d of zinc deficiency. The mucosa of the ZD(20) + B group was well preserved, and most of the morphologic alterations induced by zinc deficiency were normalized in the ZD(40) + B group. The high fecal concentrations of B. animalis in the ZD(40) + B and ZD(40) + B + 7 d groups indicate that these bifidobacteria survived passage through the gastrointestinal tract and proliferated. Electron microscopy confirmed the elevated numbers of bifidobacteria in cecum. Treatment with B. animalis resulted in greater epithelial cell proliferation and disaccharidase activities in the ZD(40) + B group compared with the ZD(40) group. These findings indicate that B. animalis can protect the intestine from alterations induced by zinc deficiency, suggesting that this bacterium may play a role in intestinal mucosal defense.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Bifidobacterium animalisImproved Intestinal Health from Zinc Deficiency PreventionBeneficial
Large
Bifidobacterium animalisIncreased Abundance of Bifidobacterium animalisNeutral
Large
Bifidobacterium animalisIncreased Epithelial Cell ProliferationBeneficial
Large

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