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Dietary Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus paracasei improve the intestinal health of broilers challenged with coccidia and Clostridium perfringens

  • 2022-12-15
  • Frontiers in Veterinary Science 9
    • Peng Li
    • Liyun Zheng
    • Y.Y. Qi
    • Zhipeng Liu
    • E. Du
    • Jintao Wei
    • Z. Zhang
    • Shuangshuang Guo
    • B. Ding

Abstract

Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a great threat to the intestinal health of broilers, resulting in decreased growth performance and significant economic losses. Lactobacillus fermentum (LF) and Lactobacillus paracasei (LP) exert beneficial effects on intestinal health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dietary LF and LP on the intestinal health and growth performance of broilers challenged with coccidia and Clostridium perfringens (CCP). The animal trial was carried out using 336 broilers (Ross 308) for 35 days with a completely randomized design. The broilers were divided into 4 groups based on treatment as follows: the control (CTR) group was fed the basal diet and without CCP challenge and the CCP group was fed the basal diet and with CCP challenge. The broilers in the CCP+LF and CCP+LP groups were challenged by CCP, and meanwhile, LF (1 × 109 CFU/g) and LP (1 × 109 CFU/g) were supplemented into the basal diets, respectively. The results showed that the growth performance and the intestinal morphology were negatively affected by the CCP challenge. In addition, the number of coccidia in the intestinal digesta and the relative abundance of Escherichia coli in the cecal digesta were increased. Besides, the mRNA level of IgA in the jejunum was downregulated, and the transcript level of IL-8 was upregulated by the CCP challenge. Dietary LF and LP failed to improve the growth performance of broilers with the CCP challenge. However, they were beneficial for intestinal barrier function. In addition, dietary LF was able to alleviate the downregulation of _TGF-_β mRNA level in the spleen with CCP challenge and decreased the lesion scores compared with the CCP group. Furthermore, dietary LP alleviated the upregulation of the IL-8 mRNA level in the jejunum with CCP challenge and reduced the number of coccidia in the ileal digesta. In conclusion, dietary LF and LP failed to mitigate the negative effects of CCP infection on growth performance; however, they were able to improve the intestinal health of broilers challenged with CCP by strengthening the intestinal barrier and alleviating inflammation.

Keywords: Lactobacillus fermentum; Lactobacillus paracasei; broiler; intestinal health; necrotic enteritis.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus fermentum Lf-33Improved Intestinal Barrier FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus fermentum Lf-33Normalization of TGF-β mRNA Level in the SpleenBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus fermentum Lf-33Reduced Lesion SeverityBeneficial
Moderate

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