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Effect and Mechanism of Bifidobacterium animalis B94 in the Prevention and Treatment of Liver Injury in Rats

  • 2022-06-29
  • Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 12
    • Tianfang Zhang
    • Jie Wang
    • Zhao Yao
    • Lingmei Ni
    • Yifan Zhao
    • Shuang Wei
    • Zuobing Chen

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis B94 on the prevention and treatment of liver injury in rats and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of this relationship.

Methods: Specific pathogen-free (SPF) rats were selected as the healthy control group, liver injury group and B94 treatment group, with 6 rats in each group. After the model was established, the experimental animals were tested for serum liver function indicators, gut microbiota composition, metabolite composition, and histopathology.

Results: The albumin/globulin ratio and serum TBA, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and indirect bilirubin levels in the B94 treatment group were significantly lower than those in the liver injury group. 16S rRNA analysis showed that the gut microbiota of the three groups of rats were significantly different. Metabolic profile analysis showed that there were significant differences in the gut metabolomes of the three groups. Haematoxylin-eosin staining of the intestinal mucosa and liver tissues showed that the degree of liver and intestinal tissue damage in the B94 treatment group was significantly lower than that in the liver injury group.

Conclusion: Bifidobacterium animalis B94 can affect the process of liver injury in rats by improving liver function, reducing intestinal damage, and regulating gut microbiota and metabolite production.

Keywords: Bifidobacterium animalis B94; gut microbiota; liver injury; metabolome; probiotics.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Bifidobacterium animalisAltered Gut MetabolomeNeutral
Moderate
Bifidobacterium animalisImproved Liver FunctionBeneficial
Large
Bifidobacterium animalisOptimized Gut Microbiota CompositionBeneficial
Moderate
Bifidobacterium animalisReduced Intestinal DamageBeneficial
Large
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis LAFTI B94Improved Liver FunctionBeneficial
Large
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis LAFTI B94Optimized Gut Microbiota CompositionBeneficial
Moderate
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis LAFTI B94Reduced Intestinal DamageBeneficial
Large

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