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Abstract

A 56-day feeding trial followed by an acute high temperature stress test were performed to evaluate the effect of dietary probiotic Clostridium butyricum (CB) on growth performance and intestine antioxidant capacity of kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus. Shrimp were randomly allocated in 9 tanks (30 shrimp per tank) and triplicate tanks were fed with diets containing different levels of C. butyricum (1×109 cfu/g): 0mgg-1 feed (Control), 100mgg-1 feed (CB-100), 200mgg-1 feed (CB-200) as treatment groups. The results indicated that dietary supplementation of C. butyricum increased the growth performance and decreased the feed conversion rate (FCR) of shrimp in the CB-100 group. HE stain showed that C. butyricum increased the intestine epithelium height of M. japonicus. C. butyricum supplemented in diets decreased·O2- generation capacity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and increased total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) activity and the expression level of heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) and metallothionein (mt) gene in intestine of shrimp cultured under normal condition for 56 d, while no significant changes in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and ferritin gene expression level. After shrimp exposed to high temperature stress 48h, the lower level of·O2- generation capacity and MDA content, and the higher level survival, activities of T-AOC, CAT, GPx and POD, as well as hsp70, ferritin and mt gene expression level were found in intestine of two C. butyricum groups. These results revealed that C. butyricum could improve the growth performance, increase intestine antioxidant capacity of M. japonicus against high temperature stress, and could be a potential feed additive in shrimp aquaculture.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Clostridium butyricum; High temperature stress; Intestine health; Marsupenaeus japonicus.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Clostridium butyricumEnhanced Stress ResistanceBeneficial
Large
Clostridium butyricumImproved Growth PerformanceBeneficial
Large
Clostridium butyricumImproved Intestinal FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Clostridium butyricumReduced Hepatic Oxidative StressBeneficial
Large

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