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Effects of dietary Clostridium butyricum addition to sows in late gestation and lactation on reproductive performance and intestinal microbiota1.

  • 2019-06-24
  • Journal of Animal Science 97(8)
    • Meng Cao
    • Yan Li
    • Qiujie Wu
    • Pan Zhang
    • Wentao Li
    • Zhengyu Mao
    • Dongmei Wu
    • Xuemei Jiang
    • Y. Zhuo
    • Z. Fang
    • L. Che
    • Shengyu Xu
    • B. Feng
    • Jian Li
    • Yan Lin
    • De Wu


This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum addition to diets in late gestation and lactation on the reproductive performance and gut microbiota for sows. A total of 180 healthy Landrace × Yorkshire sows at 90 d of gestation were randomly assigned to one of four groups, with 45 replicates per group, receiving a basal commercial diet (Control, 0% C. butyricum) or diet added with 0.1% C. butyricum (1 × 108 CFU/kg of feed), 0.2% C. butyricum (2 × 108 CFU/kg of feed), 0.4% C. butyricum (4 × 108 CFU/kg of feed), respectively. The experiment was conducted from 90 d of gestation to weaning at 21 d of lactation. The results showed that the interval between piglet born was linearly (P < 0.05) decreased, and the duration of farrowing was significantly (quadratic, P < 0.05) shortened as C. butyricum addition increased. There was a linear (P < 0.05) increase in litter weight at weaning and litter weight gain. The concentrations of IgG and IgM in colostrum, and IgM in milk were linearly increased (P < 0.05) as C. butyricum addition. Serum MDA concentrations of sows at parturition and 14 d in lactation, and piglets at 14 and 21 d of age were linearly (P < 0.05) decreased, respectively. The serum total antioxidant capacity concentrations of sows at parturition and 14 and 21 d in lactation, and piglets at 14 and 21 d of age were linearly (P < 0.05) increased as C. butyricum addition, respectively. There was a linear decrease in the serum endotoxin concentration of sows on 21 d in lactation (P < 0.05). The serum cortisol concentrations of piglets at 14 and 21 d of age were both significantly (quadratic, P < 0.05) decreased. The 0.2% C. butyricum increased the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes (P = 0.016) at phylum level, Prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group, Prevotella_1, Prevotellaceae_UCG-003, Prevotella_9, Alloprevotella (P < 0.05) at genus level, and decreased the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, Actinobacteria (P < 0.001) at phylum level, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Streptococcus, Escheruchia-Shigella, Sphingomonas, Succinivibrio (P < 0.05) at genus level and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio (P = 0.020). In conclusion, the present research indicated that dietary addition with C. butyricum could shorten the duration of farrowing and enhance the growth performance of suckling piglets. Moreover, 0.2% C. butyricum administration to sows changed the composition of intestinal microbiota, especially increased the relative abundance of Prevotella.

Keywords: Clostridium butyricum; antioxidation; gut microbiota; reproductive performance; sows.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Clostridium butyricumAltered Gut Microbiota CompositionBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumImproved Total Antioxidant CapacityBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumIncreased Litter Weight at WeaningBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumReduced Farrowing DurationBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumReduced Serum Cortisol LevelsBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumReduced Serum Endotoxin LevelBeneficial
Clostridium butyricumReduced Serum MDA ConcentrationsBeneficial

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