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Effects of dietary supplementation of Pediococcus pentosaceus strains from kimchi in weaned piglet challenged with Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica

  • 2023-05
  • Journal of Animal Science and Technology 65(3)
    • D. Song
    • Jihwan Lee
    • Kangheun Kim
    • H. Oh
    • J. An
    • Seyeon Chang
    • Hyunah Cho
    • Seh-Young Park
    • K. Jeon
    • Y. Yoon
    • Yoonjeong Yoo
    • Y. Cho
    • Ji-Hun Cho

Abstract

Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Salmonella enterica (SE) infections in pigs are major source associated with enteric disease such as post weaning diarrhea. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Pediococcus pentosaceus in weaned piglets challenged with pathogen bacteria. In Experiment.1 90 weaned piglets with initial body weights of 8.53 ± 0.34 kg were assigned to 15 treatments for 2 weeks. The experiments were conducted two trials in a 2 × 5 factorial arrangement of treatments consisting of two levels of challenge (challenge and non-challenge) with E. coli and SE, respectively and five levels of probiotics (Control, Lactobacillus plantarum [LA], Pediococcus pentosaceus SMFM2016-WK1 [38W], Pediococcus acidilactici K [PK], Lactobacillus reuteri PF30 [PF30]). In Experiment.2 a total of 30 weaned pigs (initial body weight of 9.84 ± 0.85 kg) were used in 4 weeks experiment. Pigs were allocated to 5 groups in a randomized complete way with 2 pens per group and 3 pigs per pen. Supplementation of LA and 38W improved (p < 0.05) growth performance, intestinal pathogen bacteria count, fecal noxious odor and diarrhea incidence. In conclusion, supplementation of 38W strains isolated from white kimchi can act as probiotics by inhibiting E. coli and SE.

Keywords: Growth performance; Intestinal pathogen bacteria; Lactobacillus plantarum; Pediococcus pentosaceus.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Pediococcus pentosaceus KABP™-041Improved Growth PerformanceBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus KABP™-041Reduced Diarrhea IncidenceBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus KABP™-041Reduced Fecal OdorBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus KABP™-041Reduced Intestinal Pathogen Bacterial CountBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PImproved Growth PerformanceBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PReduced Diarrhea IncidenceBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PReduced Fecal OdorBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PReduced Intestinal Pathogen Bacterial CountBeneficial
Moderate

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