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Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Lactosucrose (4G-β-D-Galactosylsucrose) on Cecal Flora, Cecal Metabolites, and Performance in Broiler Chickens

  • 1994-11
  • Poultry Science 73(11)
    • A. Terada
    • H. Hara
    • J. Sakamoto
    • N. Sato
    • S. Takagi
    • T. Mitsuoka
    • R. Miño
    • K. Hara
    • I. Fujimori
    • T. Yamada

Abstract

The effects of dietary lactosucrose on cecal flora, cecal metabolites, and performance were studied in eight 20-d-old and eight 62-d-old broiler chickens fed a basal diet (control) or a diet with .15% lactosucrose added. On Day 20 of age, the frequency of occurrence of lecithinase-negative clostridia were decreased (P < .05) by lactosucrose consumption. On Day 62 of age, the numbers of bifidobacteria were increased (P < .05) by lactosucrose consumption, but the counts of lecithinase-positive clostridia, including Clostridium perfringens, bacteriodaceae, and staphylococci, total anaerobic bacteria, and the frequency of occurrence of pseudomonads were decreased (P < .05). No detectable change was observed in counts of other organisms throughout the experimental period. Cecal concentration of ammonia (P < .01), phenol (P < .05), and cresol (P < .05) were decreased on Day 62 of lactosucrose consumption. Acetic acid and butyric acid were increased (P < .01 and P < .05, respectively) on Day 62 of lactosucrose consumption. Environmental ammonia and odor of chicken ceca were greatly reduced by lactosucrose consumption.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
LactoSporeIncreased Beneficial Gut BacteriaBeneficial
Moderate
LactoSporeReduced Caecal Ammonia ConcentrationBeneficial
Moderate
LactoSporeReduced Harmful BacteriaBeneficial
Moderate

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