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Exopolysaccharides production by Lactobacillus acidophilus LA5 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB12: Optimization of fermentation variables and characterization of structure and bioactivities.

  • 2019-02
  • International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 123
    • S. Amiri
    • Reza Rezaei Mokarram
    • M. Sowti Khiabani
    • Mahmoud Rezazadeh Bari
    • Mohammad Alizadeh Khaledabad

Abstract

In this study, the most important variables (incubation temperature, fermentation time and yeast extract concentration) responsible for the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) production by Lactobacillus acidophilus LA5 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB12 were screened. The EPSs synthesize by LA5, BB12, and their co-culture were successfully optimized and were 349.82 ± 5.39, 146.83 ± 3.99 and 187.02 ± 1.54 mg/L, respectively. GC-MS analysis indicated that the purified EPSs are heteropolysaccharide and consisted of glucose, galactose, glucuronic acid, and xylose. The FT-IR analysis was used to investigate functional groups of purified EPSs and NMR analysis was used to study the structure of them. The DSC, TGA and DTG analysis of the extracted EPSs showed that they had high thermal stability and degradation temperature. The results of bioactivity analysis indicated that maximum DPPH and hydroxyl radicals scavenging activity were 59.30 ± 1.95, 56.76 ± 0.79, 62.33 ± 1.02% and 59.94 ± 1.68, 46.40 ± 0.73, 53.54 ± 0.76%, respectively for the EPSs of LA5, BB12, and their co-culture. Additionally, reducing power of the produced EPSs by LA5, BB12, and their co-culture were 1.047 ± 0.001, 1.270 ± 0.045 and 1.139 ± 0.018, respectively. Consequently, all these results showed that the EPSs produced by LA5, BB12, and their co-culture had a high potential as natural antioxidants or bioactive additive in the food industry.

Keywords: Bioactivity; Exopolysaccharides; Optimization.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5Improved Thermal Stability of ExopolysaccharidesBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5Increased Antioxidant ActivityBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5Reduced PowerBeneficial
Moderate

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