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Abstract

Background: The probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v has earlier been shown to increase iron absorption when added to foods. However, it is not known if the same probiotic strain in a freeze-dried format included in a capsule increases the iron absorption.

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that non-heme iron absorption from a light meal is promoted by a simultaneous intake of freeze-dried Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (Lp299v, DSM 9843).

Study design: With a single blinded placebo controlled sequential design, iron absorption from a light breakfast meal administered with or without capsules containing 1010 cfu freeze-dried Lp299v was studied in healthy female volunteers of fertile age. The methodology used was a double isotope technique (59Fe and 55Fe). Two studies were performed using the same protocol.

Results: In study 1, the absorption of iron from a meal without Lp299v was found to be 17.4 ± 13.4%, and from an identical meal with Lp299v was found to be 22.4 ± 17.3% (mean ± SD). This difference was statistically significant (p = 0.040, n = 14). In study 2, the absorption of iron from a meal without Lp299v was found to be 20.9 ± 13.1%, and from an identical meal with Lp299v found to be 24.5 ± 12.0% (mean ± SD, n = 28), which again was statistically significant (p = 0.003).

Conclusion: Freeze-dried Lp299v enhances the absorption of iron when administered together with a meal with a high iron bioavailability.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02131870.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus plantarum 299vImproved Iron AbsorptionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum LP09Improved Iron AbsorptionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum SD-5209Improved Iron AbsorptionBeneficial
Moderate

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