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Functional annotation of the genome unravels probiotic potential of Bacillus coagulans HS243.

  • 2019-07
  • Genomics 111(4)
    • N. Kapse
    • A. Engineer
    • V. Gowdaman
    • S. Wagh
    • P. Dhakephalkar

Abstract

Spore forming Bacillus species are widely used as probiotics for human dietary supplements and in animal feeds. However, information on genetic basis of their probiotic action is obscure. Therefore, the present investigation was undertaken to elucidate probiotic traits of B. coagulans HS243 through its genome analysis. Genome mining revealed the presence of an arsenal of marker genes attributed to genuine probiotic traits. In silico analysis of HS243 genome revealed the presence of multi subunit ATPases, ADI pathway genes, chologlycine hydrolase, adhesion proteins for surviving and colonizing harsh gastric transit. HS243 genome harbored vitamin and essential amino acid biosynthetic genes, suggesting the use of HS243 as a nutrient supplement. Bacteriocin producing genes highlighted the disease preventing potential of HS243. Thus, this work established that HS243 possessed the genetic repertoire required for surviving harsh gastric transit and conferring health benefits to the host which were further validated by wet lab evidences.

Keywords: Bacillus coagulans; Genome mining; Probiotics.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Bacillus coagulans ProDuraImproved Nutrient LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Bacillus coagulans ProDuraReduced Disease IncidenceBeneficial
Moderate

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