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Immunomodulatory effects of heat-killed Enterococcus faecalis TH10 on murine macrophage cells

  • 2012-09-30
  • MicrobiologyOpen 1(4)
    • T. Itoh
    • Y. Miyake
    • A. Onda
    • Junko Kubo
    • M. Ando
    • Y. Tsukamasa
    • Muneaki Takahata

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of heat-killed Enterococcus faecalis TH10 (hk-TH10) and its signal transduction on murine macrophage RAW264 cells. RAW264 cells produced nitric oxide (NO) following hk-TH10 treatment. In order to investigate the mechanisms underlying hk-TH10-stimulated NO production, we further measured NO production in RAW264 cells treated with Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 inhibitor peptide, NF-κB inhibitor, TLR1-siRNA, TLR2-siRNA, and TLR-6 siRNA. Furthermore, the activation of TLR2-TLR1/6 pathway molecules was analyzed by Western blotting. The result of this study showed that hk-TH10 stimulates NO in RAW264 cells through the activation of the TLR2-TLR1/6 pathway. From our findings, we can conclude that hk-TH10 isolated from a traditional side-dish fermented food (tempeh) may facilitate host immunomodulation.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Enterococcus faecalis TH10Enhanced Nitric Oxide ProductionBeneficial
Moderate

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