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In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 for the Alleviative Effect on Lead Toxicity

  • 2017-08-08
  • Nutrients 9(8)
    • Bailiang Li
    • Da Jin
    • Shang-fu Yu
    • Smith Etareri Evivie
    • Zafarullah Muhammad
    • G. Huo
    • Fei Liu


Lead (Pb) is a toxic contaminating heavy metal that can cause a variety of hazardous effects to both humans and animals. In the present study, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 (L. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207), which has a remarkable Pb binding capacity and Pb tolerance, was selected for further study. It was observed that the thermodynamic and kinetic model of L. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 Pb binding respectively fit with the Langmuir-Freundlich model and the pseudo second-order kinetic model. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis disclosed that the cell surfaces were covered with Pb and that carbon and oxygen elements were chiefly involved in Pb binding. Combined with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis, it was revealed that the carboxyl, phosphoryl, hydroxyl, amino and amide groups were the main functional groups involved in the Pb adsorption. The protective effects of L. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 against acute Pb toxicity in mice was evaluated by prevention and therapy groups, the results in vivo showed that L. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 treatment could reduce mortality rates, effectively increase Pb levels in the feces, alleviate tissue Pb enrichment, improve the antioxidant index in the liver and kidney, and relieve renal pathological damage. Our findings show that L. bulgaricus KLDS1.0207 can be used as a potential probiotic against acute Pb toxicity.

Keywords: Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus; adsorption; antioxidative activity; lead toxicity.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus bulgaricus SD-6833Increased Lead ExcretionBeneficial
Lactobacillus bulgaricus SD-6833Reduced MortalityBeneficial
Lactobacillus bulgaricus SD-6833Reduced Renal Pathological DamageBeneficial
Lactobacillus bulgaricus SD-6833Reduced Tissue Lead LevelsBeneficial

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