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In Vitro Probiotic Potential and Safety Evaluation (Hemolytic, Cytotoxic Activity) of Bifidobacterium Strains Isolated from Raw Camel Milk

  • 2020-03-02
  • Microorganisms 8(3)
    • I. Yasmin
    • M. Saeed
    • W. A. Khan
    • A. Khaliq
    • M. F. J. Chughtai
    • R. Iqbal
    • Saima Tehseen
    • S. Naz
    • Atif Liaqat
    • T. Mehmood
    • S. Ahsan
    • Saira Tanweer


The present study was designed to isolate Bifidobacterium strains from raw camel milk and to investigate their probiotic characteristics. Among 35 isolates, 8 were identified as Gram-positive, catalase negative, non-spore forming, non-motile and V or Y shaped rods. B-2, B-5, B-11, B-19 and B-28 exhibited good survival at low pH and high bile salt concentration. Most of the isolates were resistant to nalidixic acid, fusidic acid, polymyxin B, neomycin, streptomycin, gentamicin, rifampicin and kanamycin. Furthermore, the production of exopolysaccharides (EPS), adhesion characteristics, antioxidant properties, antagonistic activities, nitrite reduction and cholesterol assimilation were also studied. Isolate B-11 was chosen because it exhibited most of the probiotic properties among all the tested isolates. It is identified as the member of Bifidobacterium longum group through 16S rRNA gene sequencing and named as B. longum B-11. B. longum B-11 was further selected for in vivo attachment to rat intestine and scanning electron micrographs revealed that attachment of a large number of rods shaped bacterial cell. Our findings suggest that B. longum B-11 processes excellent attributes to be used as potential probiotic in the development of functional probiotic food.

Keywords: antimicrobial activity; camel milk: B-11; pathogens; probiotic potential.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Bifidobacterium longum B1-05Improved Cholesterol LevelsBeneficial
Bifidobacterium longum B1-05Increased Antimicrobial ResistanceBeneficial
Bifidobacterium longum B1-05Increased Antioxidant ActivityBeneficial
Bifidobacterium longum B1-05Reduced Intestinal Cell AdhesionBeneficial

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