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Inhibitory activity of Limosilactobacillus reuteri isolated from camel milk against Helicobacter pylori effects in human gastric epithelial cells

  • 2023-07-20
  • Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 70(6)
    • Fatemeh Forooghi Nia
    • Ahmad Ghasemi
    • J. Saeidi
    • Mahnaz Mohtashami


This study aimed to evaluate anti-Helicobacter pylori effects of Limosilactobacillus reuteri 2892 (L. reuteri 2892) isolated from camel milk in GC cell lines (AGS and MKN). From 15 camel milk samples, 132 microbial strains were isolated. Based on microbial and biochemical analysis, 11 potential probiotic candidates were selected. The potential probiotic candidates were assayed for anti-H. pylori activity, and the strain with the highest anti-H. pylori activity was identified genotypically. Based on 16S rDNA sequencing, the selected strain with the best activity against H. pylori (inhibition zone = 15.5 ± 0.8) belonged to the Lactobacillus reuteri strain 2892. Cell treatment with H. pylori HC-113 inhibits gene expression of Claudin-4, ZO-1, MUC5AC, and MUC2 in gastric cells, which are attenuated by L. reuteri 2892. The simulative effects of H. pylori HC-113 on the cell migration and invasion of gastric cells were lost when cells were cotreated with L. reuteri 2892. Cell treatment with H. pylori HC-113 promoted cell death, whereas cotreatment with L. reuteri 2892 markedly decreased necrotic and late apoptotic cells. The present study demonstrates that L. reuteri 2892 has potent anti-H. pylori effects and thus can be considered as an alternative protective agent against inflammatory effects of H. pylori in gastric cells.

Keywords: Limosilactobacillus reuteri; anti-H. pylori effect; cell adherence; cell invasion; cell migration; gastric cancer.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Reduced Gastric Cell DeathBeneficial
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Reduced Helicobacter pylori ColonizationBeneficial
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Reduced Inflammation in Gastric CellsBeneficial

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