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Inorganic polyphosphate from the immunobiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL1505 prevents inflammatory response in the respiratory tract

  • 2021-10
  • Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 28(10)
    • M. A. Correa Deza
    • A. Rodríguez de Olmos
    • N. Suárez
    • G. Font de Valdez
    • S. Salva
    • C. L. Gerez

Abstract

Lactobacillus (L.) rhamnosus CRL1505 accumulates inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) in its cytoplasm in response to environmental stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effects of polyP from the immunobiotic CRL1505 on an acute respiratory inflammation murine animal model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). First, the presence of polyP granules in the cytoplasm of CRL1505 strain was evidenced by specific staining. Then, it was demonstrated in the intracellular extracts (ICE) of CRL1505 that polyP chain length is greater than 45 phosphate residues. In addition, the functionality of the genes involved in the polyP metabolism (ppk, ppx1 and ppx2) was corroborated by RT-PCR. Finally, the possible effect of the ICE of CRL1505 strain containing polyP and a synthetic polyP was evaluated in vivo using a murine model of acute lung inflammation. It was observed that the level of cytokines pro-inflammatory (IL-17, IL-6, IL-2, IL-4, INF-γ) in serum was normalized in mice treated with ICE, which would indicate that polyP prevents the local inflammatory response in the respiratory tract. The potential application of ICE from L. rhamnosus CRL1505 as a novel bioproduct for the treatment of respiratory diseases is one of the projections of this work.

Keywords: Immunobiotic; Innate immunity; Inorganic polyphosphate; Lactobacillus; Respiratory inflammation; TLR4.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL 1505Reduced Pro-inflammatory Cytokine LevelsBeneficial
Large
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