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Abstract

Background: Probiotics may facilitate the clinical management of allergic diseases. However, their effects on allergic rhinitis (AR) remain unclear. We examined the efficacy and safety of Lacticaseibacillus paracasei GM-080 in a mouse model of airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) and in children with perennial AR (PAR) by using a double-blind, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled design. Methods: The production of interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-12 was measured by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. GM-080 safety was evaluated via the whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of virulence genes. An ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AHR mouse model was constructed, and lung inflammation was evaluated by measuring the infiltrating leukocyte content of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. A clinical trial was conducted with 122 children with PAR who were randomized to receive different doses of GM-080 or the placebo for 3 months, and their AHR symptom severity scores, total nasal symptom scores (TNSSs), and Investigator Global Assessment Scale scores were examined. Results: Among the tested L. paracasei strains, GM-080 induced the highest IFN-γ and IL-12 levels in mouse splenocytes. WGS analysis revealed the absence of virulence factors or antibiotic-resistance genes in GM-080. The oral administration of GM-080 at 1 × 107 colony forming units (CFU)/mouse/day for 8 weeks alleviated OVA-induced AHR and reduced airway inflammation in mice. In children with PAR, the oral consumption of GM-080 at 2 × 109 CFU/day for 3 months ameliorated sneezing and improved Investigator Global Assessment Scale scores significantly. GM-080 consumption led to a nonsignificant decrease in TNSS and also nonsignificantly reduced IgE but increased INF-γ levels. Conclusion: GM-080 may be used as a nutrient supplement to alleviate airway allergic inflammation.

Keywords: allergic airway inflammation; allergic rhinitis; animal model; clinical trial; probiotics.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lacticaseibacillus casei R0215Improved Airway Allergic InflammationBeneficial
Moderate
Lacticaseibacillus casei R0215Reduced Airway InflammationBeneficial
Moderate
Lacticaseibacillus casei R0215Reduced Symptom SeverityBeneficial
Small
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Increased Interferon-Gamma LevelsBeneficial
Small
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Reduced Airway InflammationBeneficial
Moderate
Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Lpc-37Reduced Sneezing SymptomsBeneficial
Moderate

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