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Lactobacillus crispatus promotes invasion of the HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cell line.

  • 2021-08
  • Placenta 111
    • Tomoaki Yoshida
    • Kazuhide Takada
    • Shihoko Komine-Aizawa
    • Y. Kamei
    • O. Ishihara
    • S. Hayakawa

Abstract

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that the endometrium possesses unique microbiomes, including Lactobacillus. However, the roles of these microbes are currently unknown, especially in placentation and the early stage of pregnancy.

Methods: The immortalized human first-trimester trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo was cultured in the presence or absence of Lactobacillus crispatus. Invasive and migrative activities were directly evaluated using an optical microscope and a time-lapse imaging system. Protein levels of the invasion-related protein matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 were evaluated using ELISA.

Results: Matrigel invasion of HTR-8/SVneo cells was significantly increased by L. crispatus, though migration was not affected. The culture supernatant of L. crispatus also promoted invasion. Additionally, levels of the active forms of MMP-1 and MMP-2 in the cell culture medium were upregulated by L. crispatus treatment, but that of MMP-9 was not changed.

Discussion: L. crispatus promotes trophoblast invasion with an increase in MMP-1 and MMP-2 activation. Our results might explain why Lactobacillus dominance in the endometrium seems beneficial for implantation. Nevertheless, further research is required to determine whether the promotion of trophoblast invasion by L. cripatus is favorable for successful placentation at the early stage of pregnancy.

Keywords: Lactobacillus crispatus; Matrix metalloproteinase; Placenta; Trophoblast invasion.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus crispatusEnhanced Trophoblast InvasionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus crispatus LBV88Enhanced Trophoblast InvasionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus crispatus LCr86Enhanced Trophoblast InvasionBeneficial
Moderate
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