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Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 improved brain health in aging rats via the serotonin, inflammatory and apoptosis pathways.

  • 2020-12-02
  • Beneficial Microbes 11(8)
    • A. I. Zaydi
    • L. Lew
    • Y. Hor
    • M. Jaafar
    • L. Chuah
    • K. Yap
    • A. Azlan
    • G. Azzam
    • M. Liong

Abstract

Aging processes affect the brain in many ways, ranging from cellular to functional levels which lead to cognitive decline and increased oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the potentials of Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 on brain health including cognitive and memory functions during aging and the impacts of high fat diet during a 12-week period. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into six groups: (1) young animals on normal diet (ND, (2) young animals on a high fat diet (HFD), (3) aged animals on ND, (4) aged animals on HFD, (5) aged animals on HFD and L. plantarum DR7 (109 cfu/day) and (6) aged animals receiving HFD and lovastatin. To induce ageing, all rats in group 3 to 6 were injected sub-cutaneously at 600 mg/kg/day of D-galactose daily. The administration of DR7 has reduced anxiety accompanied by enhanced memory during behavioural assessments in aged-HFD rats (P<0.05). Hippocampal concentration of all three pro-inflammatory cytokines were increased during aging but reduced upon administration of both statin and DR7. Expressions of hippocampal neurotransmitters and apoptosis genes showed reduced expressions of indoleamine dioxygenase and P53 accompanied by increased expression of TPH1 in aged- HFD rats administered with DR7, indicating potential effects of DR7 along the pathways of serotonin and oxidative senescence. This study provided an insight into potentials of L. plantarum DR7 as a prospective dietary strategy to improve cognitive functions during aging. This study provided an insight into potentials of L. plantarum DR7 as a prospective dietary strategy to improve cognitive functions during aging.

Keywords: Lactobacillus spp.; aging; brain.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus plantarum DR7Improved Memory FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum DR7Increased TPH1 ExpressionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum DR7Reduced Anxiety LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum DR7Reduced Pro-inflammatory Cytokine LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
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