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Abstract

Lactobacillus salivarius A3iob was administered to productive colonies belonging to commercial apiaries of small beekeepers (around 30-50 hives each one), from four departments of the province of Jujuy (Argentina): Yala, Tilquiza, El Carmen, and Los Alisos. The incidence of Varroa destructor and Nosema spp., before and after winter, was monitored during 2 years of study (2014-2015). Depending on the geographical location of each apiary and the application time, a monthly dose of the bacteria (105 CFU/mL) reduced the levels of varroasis between 50 and 80%. Interestingly, L. salivarius A3iob cells remitted the percentage of the mites to undetectable values in an apiary treated with flumethrin (at Yala, Yungas region).On the other hand, the spore levels of Nosema spp. in the lactobacilli-treated colonies also depended on the apiary and the year of application, but a significant decrease was mainly observed in the post-winter period. However, at Rivera (El Carmen's department), no significant changes were detected in both parameters.These results obtained after 2 years of work suggest that delivering L. salivarius A3iob cells to the bee colonies can become a new eco-friendly tool to cooperate with the control of these bees' pests.

Keywords: Honeybee; Lactobacillus salivarius; Nosemosis; Varroasis.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus salivarius SD-5851Reduced Nosema Spore LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus salivarius SD-5851Reduced Varroa Mite IncidenceBeneficial
Moderate
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