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Long-Term Diet Supplementation with Lactobacillus paracasei K71 Prevents Age-Related Cognitive Decline in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse Prone 8

  • 2018-06-13
  • Nutrients 10(6)
    • H. M. Corpuz
    • Saki Ichikawa
    • Misa Arimura
    • Toshihiro Mihara
    • T. Kumagai
    • Takakazu Mitani
    • Soichiro Nakamura
    • S. Katayama

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the suppressive effect of long-term diet supplementation with Lactobacillus strains on cognitive decline in the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) model. For 43 weeks, fourteen-week-old female SAMP8 mice were fed a standard diet containing 0.05% (w/w) Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei 327 (L. 327) or Lactobacillus__paracasei K71 (L. K71) derived from rice grains and sake lees, respectively. SAMP8 mice that were fed a L. K71-supplemented diet had better cognitive performance compared with the control and L. 327 groups in the Barnes maze and passive avoidance tests. An ELISA analysis revealed that the levels of serotonin were elevated in the serum and brain tissue of L. K71-fed mice. The protein expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), and phosphorylated CREB were evaluated using western blot. Long-term administration of L. K71 resulted in increased protein expression of BDNF and CREB phosphorylation in the hippocampus. These results suggest that prolonged intake of a diet supplemented with a Lactobacillus strain derived from sake lees may prevent age-dependent cognitive decline by upregulating BDNF expression in the hippocampus.

Keywords: Lactobacillus paracasei; brain-derived neurotrophic factor; cognitive dysfunction; probiotics; serotonin.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus paracasei 431Enhanced Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus paracasei 431Improved Cognitive PerformanceBeneficial
Large
Lactobacillus paracasei 431Increased Serotonin LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
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