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Oral supplementation of lactic acid bacteria is a potential approach to the prevention and manipulation of allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis. Our previous report showed that heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus strain L-92 (L-92) possessed anti-allergic properties, although its physiological function in atopic dermatitis has largely remained undefined. To evaluate the anti-allergic efficacy of L-92, we used four experimental animal models with the major features of atopic dermatitis and compared the results to those of clinically active drugs. ICR mice were passively sensitized by anti-dinitrophenyl mouse monoclonal IgE for passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), and BALB/c mice were actively sensitized by ovalbumin for active cutaneous anaphylaxis (ACA). Allergic reaction was induced by repeated exposure to 2,4-dinitroflurobenzene (DNFB) and mite (Dermatophagoides farinae) fecal allergen, in BALB/c and NC/Nga mice, respectively. Orally administrated L-92 significantly inhibited the vascular permeability increase in both PCA and ACA, and the elevation of ovalbumin-specific IgE titer in ACA. Moreover, repeated applications of DNFB and mite fecal antigen onto the BALB/c and NC/Nga mouse ear, respectively, caused clinical symptoms similar to atopic dermatitis such as ear swelling, scratching behavior and elevation of total serum IgE levels that were also moderately suppressed by L-92. In addition, L-92 treated mice exhibited lower levels of mast cells, eosinophil infiltration and Th1/Th2 cytokine expression. Our results, therefore, suggest that oral administration of L-92 might be useful for alleviating allergic symptoms.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92Improved Atopic Dermatitis SymptomsBeneficial
Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92Reduced Ovalbumin-Specific IgE LevelBeneficial
Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92Reduced Vascular PermeabilityBeneficial
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