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Pediococcus pentosaceus: Screening and Application as Probiotics in Food Processing

  • 2021-12-16
  • Frontiers in Microbiology 12
    • Yining Qi
    • Le Huang
    • Yan Zeng
    • Wen Li
    • Diao Zhou
    • Jianhua Xie
    • Junyan Xie
    • Qiang Tu
    • Dun Deng
    • Jia Yin

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are vital probiotics in the food processing industry, which are widely spread in food additives and products, such as meat, milk, and vegetables. Pediococcus pentosaceus (P. pentosaceus), as a kind of LAB, has numerous probiotic effects, mainly including antioxidant, cholesterol-lowering, and immune effects. Recently, the applications in the probiotic- fermentation products have attracted progressively more attentions. However, it is necessary to screen P. pentosaceus with abundant functions from diverse sources due to the limitation about the source and species of P. pentosaceus. This review summarized the screening methods of P. pentosaceus and the exploration methods of probiotic functions in combination with the case study. The screening methods included primary screening and rescreening including gastric acidity resistance, bile resistance, adhesion, antibacterial effects, etc. The application and development prospects of P. pentosaceus were described in detail, and the shortcomings in the practical application of P. pentosaceus were evaluated to make better application of P. pentosaceus in the future.

Keywords: Pediococcus pentosaceus; antimicrobial activity; cell surface characteristics; food additives; probiotics; resistance.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PEnhanced Immune FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PIncreased Antioxidant ActivityBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus MAK99P15PReduced Total Cholesterol LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus PP06Enhanced Immune FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus PP06Increased Antioxidant ActivityBeneficial
Moderate
Pediococcus pentosaceus PP06Reduced Total Cholesterol LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
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