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Scope: This study addresses whether administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 could mitigate the effects of a compromised gut microbiota on the composition of mature leukocytes and granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (GMPs) in newborn mice.

Methods and results: Pregnant dams receive oral broad-spectrum antibiotics, which dramatically decrease the gut microbial composition analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. Perinatal antibiotic treatment decreases the proportions of bone marrow (BM) GMPs (postnatal day (PND2): 0.5% vs 0.8%, PND4: 0.2% to 0.6%) and mature granulocytes (33% vs 24% at PND2), and spleen granulocytes (7% vs 17% at PND2) and B cells (PND2:18% vs 28%, PND4:11% vs 22%). At PND35, T helper (Th) cells (20% vs 14%) and cytotoxic T (Tc) cells (10% vs 8%) decrease in the spleen. Oral administration of L. rhamnosus HN001 to neonatal pups (PND1-7) restores the antibiotic-induced changes of GMPs and granulocytes in BM and spleen, and further increases splenic granulocytes in control pups. At PND35, splenic proportions of B and Th but not Tc cells are restored.

Conclusion: Postnatal administration of a single bacterial strain efficiently restores granulopoiesis and most T cell activation in neonatal mice that suffer from a perinatal antibiotic-induced compromised gut microbiota at birth.

Keywords: Lactobacillus rhamnosus; T cells; antibiotics; granulopoiesis; gut microbiota.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus rhamnosus NH001Increased Granulocyte CountBeneficial
Lactobacillus rhamnosus NH001Restored GranulopoiesisBeneficial
Lactobacillus rhamnosus R0011Increased Granulocyte CountBeneficial
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