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Probiotic-Associated Aspiration Pneumonia Due to Lactobacillus rhamnosus

  • 2014-08
  • Journal of Clinical Microbiology 52(8)
    • C. Doern
    • Sean T. Nguyen
    • F. Afolabi
    • C. Burnham


Lactobacilli are low-virulence, commensal organisms of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts and are commonly used as "probiotic supplements." Herein, we describe an episode of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis with bacterial superinfection secondary to administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in an 11-month-old female with trisomy 21.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus rhamnosus LBV 96Reduced Incidence of Aspiration PneumoniaHarmful
Lactobacillus rhamnosus LBV96Reduced Incidence of Aspiration PneumoniaHarmful
Lactobacillus rhamnosus VPro 11Reduced Incidence of Aspiration PneumoniaHarmful
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