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Probiotic Attributes of Autochthonous Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strains of Human Origin

  • 2014-03-30
  • Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 173(1)
    • Sheetal P. Pithva
    • Satyamitra L. Shekh
    • J. Dave
    • B. Vyas

Abstract

The study was aimed at evaluating the probiotic potential of indigenous autochthonous Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains isolated from infant feces and vaginal mucosa of healthy female. The survival of the selected strains and the two reference strains (L. rhamnosus GG and L. casei Actimel) was 67-81 % at pH 2 and 70-80 % after passage through the simulated gastrointestinal fluid. These strains are able to grow in the presence of 4 % bile salt, 10 % NaCl, and 0.6 % phenol. The cell surface of L. rhamnosus strains is hydrophilic in nature as revealed by bacterial adhesion to hydrocarbons (BATH) assay. Despite this, L. rhamnosus strains showed mucin adherence, autoaggregation and coaggregation properties that are strain-specific. In addition, they produce bile salt hydrolase (BSH) and β-galactosidase activities. L. rhamnosus strains exhibit antimicrobial activity against food spoilage organisms and gastrointestinal pathogens, as well as Candida and Aspergillus spp. L. rhamnosus strains have similar antibiotic susceptibility pattern, and resistance to certain antibiotics is intrinsic or innate. The strains are neither haemolytic nor producer of biogenic amines such as histamine, putrescine, cadaverine and tyramine. Lyophilized cells of L. rhamnosus Fb exhibited probiotic properties demonstrating potential of the strain for technological suitability and in the preparation of diverse probiotic food formulations.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
L. casei rhamnosusEnhanced Antimicrobial ResistanceBeneficial
Large
L. casei rhamnosusIncreased Survival in Simulated Gastrointestinal FluidBeneficial
Moderate
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