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The human intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health. While adhesion to gastrointestinal mucosa is a prerequisite for colonisation, inhibition of adhesion is a property which may prevent or reduce infections by food borne pathogens. Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus represent the two lactic bacteria constituting the yoghurt culture. These starter cultures have been claimed to be probiotic. In our study we compared two S. thermophilus strains (i.e. lysogenic strain J34 and corresponding non-lysogenic [prophage-cured] strain J34-6), with respect to (1) their in vitro adhesion properties to HT29 cells and (2) their cell surface hydrophobicities. Effects of the two strains on inhibition of adhesion of the pathogens Listeria monocytogenes Scott A, Staphylococcus aureus 6732 and Salmonella enteritidis S489 were studied in vitro with HT29 cell cultures. Lysogenic strain J34 was shown to be considerably more effective than the non-lysogenic derivative strain J34-6.

Keywords: Streptococcus thermophilus; human pathogens; in vitro adhesion; lactic acid bacteria.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Streptococcus thermophilus MAK34S24TReduced Pathogen AdhesionBeneficial
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