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Protective effect of Limosilactobacillus reuteri-fermented yogurt on mouse intestinal barrier injury induced by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.

  • 2023-07-24
  • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 103(15)
    • Xi Lu
    • Mingxin Zhang
    • Yuzhe Ma
    • Guohua Li
    • Xin Zhao
    • Weisheng Qian

Abstract

Background: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a pathogen that causes traveler's diarrhea, for which an effective vaccine is lacking. Previous studies showed that Limosilactobacillus reuteri could inhibit E. coli, effectively increase the expression of its tight junction protein, and reduce the adhesion of ETEC to the intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cell line. In this study, three kinds of yogurt with different starter cultures were first prepared: Lm. reuteri yogurt (fermented by Lm. reuteri alone), traditional yogurt (fermented by Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus at a ratio of 1:1) and mixed yogurt (fermented by Lm. reuteri, S. thermophilus and L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus at a ratio of 1:1:1). The physiological properties, oxidative stress, intestinal barrier function, tight junction protein, pathological conditions and intestinal microbiota composition were investigated.

Results: The data showed that Lm. reuteri-fermented yogurt pregavage could effectively alleviate the intestinal barrier impairment caused by ETEC in mice. It alleviated intestinal villus shortening and inflammatory cell infiltration, decreased plasma diamine oxidase concentration and increased claudin-1 and occludin expression in the jejunum of ETEC-infected mice. In addition, Lm. reuteri-fermented yogurt significantly reduced the ETEC load in fecal samples, reversed the increase in Pseudomonadota abundance and decreased Bacteroidota abundance caused by ETEC infection. Furthermore, the composition of the intestinal microbiota could maintain a stable state similar to that in healthy mice.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that Lm. reuteri-fermented yogurt could alleviate intestinal barrier damage, inhibit ETEC growth and maintain the stability of the intestinal microbiota during ETEC infection. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.

Keywords: Limosilactobacillus reuteri; enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; intestinal barrier; microbiota.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Improved Intestinal Barrier FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Maintained Intestinal Microbiota StabilityBeneficial
Large
Limosilactobacillus reuteri 1E1Reduced ETEC GrowthBeneficial
Moderate
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