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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum 16 (Lac16) and Paenibacillus polymyxa 10 (BSC10) on intestinal barrier function, antioxidative capacity, apoptosis, immune response, and biochemical parameters in broilers. A total of 540 one-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb500) were randomly allocated to three groups of 180 birds, and fed either a basal diet or a basal diet supplemented with 108 colony-forming units Lac16 or BSC10 per kilogram feed for 21 D. The results revealed that both Lac16 and BSC10 maintained ileal mucosal morphology, and BSC10 regulated the expression of barrier function-related genes. Birds fed with probiotics decreased malondialdehyde level in jejunal mucosa and serum, and the increased activities of hepatic GSH-Px and jejunal CAT were observed in BSC10 group (P < 0.05). Immunohistochemistry of Bax, Bcl-2 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen and TUNEL-immunofluorescence assay demonstrated that Lac16 and BSC10 exerted beneficial effects on cell apoptosis and proliferation, as indicated by the gene expression of down-regulated Bax and p53 as well as a significant upregulation of Bcl-2 (P < 0.05). In addition, Lac16 and BSC10 significantly increased NO production and iNOS activity in liver and jejunal mucosa, and gene expression of IFN-γ (P < 0.01), IL-6 (P < 0.05), and IL-10 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively) in ileum mucosa, whereas markedly decreased the expression of Cox2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, it was found that Lac16 and BSC10 significantly reduced levels of alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively) and creatine kinase (P < 0.05). Moreover, BSC10 significantly reduced uric acid (P < 0.05) and low-density lipoprotein levels (P < 0.01). Taken together, Lac16 and BSC10 could improve intestinal and body health status of broilers by increasing intestinal barrier function, anti-oxidative capacity and immunity, and decreasing cell apoptosis with strain-specificity.

Keywords: apoptosis; broiler; immunity; intestinal physical barrier; probiotic.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05Improved Antioxidative CapacityBeneficial
Large
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05Improved Biochemical ParametersBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05Improved Immune ResponseBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05Improved Intestinal Barrier FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05Reduced Apoptosis of Jejunal Mucosal CellsBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05MImproved Immune ResponseBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05MImproved Intestinal Barrier FunctionBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05MReduced Biochemical Marker LevelsBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05MReduced Cell ApoptosisBeneficial
Moderate
Lactobacillus plantarum UALp-05MReduced Hepatic Oxidative StressBeneficial
Moderate

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