Skip to main content

Saccharomyces boulardii inhibits inflammatory bowel disease by trapping T cells in mesenteric lymph nodes.

  • 2006-12
  • Gastroenterology 131(6)
    • G. Dalmasso
    • F. Cottrez
    • V. Imbert
    • P. Lagadec
    • J. Peyron
    • P. Rampal
    • D. Czerucka
    • H. Groux
    • A. Foussat
    • V. Brun


Background & aims: Saccharomyces boulardii is a nonpathogenic yeast used for treatment of diarrhea. We used a mice model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to analyze the effects of S boulardii on inflammation.

Methods: Lymphocyte-transferred SCID mice, displaying IBD, were fed daily with S boulardii. Weight loss and inflammatory status of the colon were monitored. Nuclear factor-kappaB activity was assessed in the colon. The CD4(+) T-cell production of interferon (IFN) gamma was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and a comprehensive reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis for both colon and mesenteric lymph nodes was performed. Finally, we analyzed cell migration mechanisms in vitro and in vivo.

Results: S boulardii treatment inhibits IBD. S boulardii induces an accumulation of IFN-gamma-producing T-helper 1 cells within the mesenteric lymph nodes correlated with a diminution of CD4(+) T-cell number and IFN-gamma production by CD4+ T cells within the colon. The influence of S boulardii treatment on cell accumulation in mesenteric lymph nodes was also observed in normal BALB/c mice and involves modifications of lymph node endothelial cell adhesiveness by a yeast secretion product.

Conclusions: S boulardii has a unique action on inflammation by a specific alteration of the migratory behavior of T cells, which accumulate in mesenteric lymph nodes. Therefore, S boulardii treatment limits the infiltration of T-helper 1 cells in the inflammed colon and the amplification of inflammation induced by proinflammatory cytokines production. These results suggest that S boulardii administration may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of IBD.

Research Insights

SupplementHealth OutcomeEffect TypeEffect Size
Saccharomyces boulardiiAltered T Cell Migratory BehaviorBeneficial
Saccharomyces boulardiiReduced Inflammation in Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseBeneficial
⬆ Back to top
Supplement Research and Comparison Website: evidence-based information about supplements, their benefits, potential risks, and their efficacy.
Receive updates about our products, services, sales, and special offers. Unsubscribe anytime. See our Privacy Policy for details on how we handle your information.

Join Our Community

Use to get in touch.